apa standard essay format
APA format citations consist of parenthetical citation in the text (in-text citations) and the full reference in the reference list. For each webpage, journal article, book or any other source specific citation guidelines apply.
Title case capitalization: Capitalize the first, last, and principal words.
Sentence case capitalization: Capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns.
Remember, any source used in your essay must be included in your reference section. Conversely, any source listed in your references must be cited somewhere in the body of your paper.
While this guide offers some basic tips on how to present your APA format essay, you should always check with your teacher for more specific instructions.
6. Preparing outlines
Outlines are extremely beneficial as they help writers stay organized, determine the scope of the research that needs to be included, and establish headings and subheadings.
Here are some helpful suggestions to create a dynamic abstract:
- The Title Page
- The Essay
- The Reference List
- Sans-Serif font: Calibri (size 11), Arial (size 11)
- Serif font: Times New Roman (size 12), Georgia (size 11)
Center the word “References” and make sure it’s not italicized and not bold. List your sources alphabetically according to the last name of the author. Use a hanging indent. This section should include all the sources that you read and cited in your work.
The Abstract begins on the new page. It should include the page header without the words “Running head”. Center and bold the word “Abstract” on the first line. Remember you don’t need any quotation marks, underlining, or italics here. On the next line, start writing a summary of the research you have made and mention the key findings and results. Don’t indent this paragraph. Please double-space it and make sure you have written no more than 250 words. The abstract must contain the next things: a research topic and questions, its participants, methods, data analysis, results, and conclusions. Here you can write any implications of your work and any future research that may be provided on your results. Remember the whole abstract should look like a single paragraph.