cause and effect essay outline format
Here is an example of how to structure this type of cause and effect essay:
- Brangelina breakup
- Legalization of gay marriage
- Rising gas prices
- Global warming
- Closing of my favorite burger joint
Or they may simply ask you to write a free-form essay in which case the most important thing is to organize your research so that it flows in a logical order. For example, if you’re writing on the cause of WWI, you’ll probably start with the mutual defense alliances between several nations, the effects of imperialism, the rise of militarism and nationalism culminating in the “trigger” which was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
In this section, the writer needs to explain to the reader about the logical steps that they have used to move from cause to effect. For example in our case about freedom above, if the writer wishes to explain that privacy loss results in the loss of individual freedom, then the writer has to explain how privacy and freedom are connected. For example, they can say that increased surveillance on individuals limits their privacy and thus they are no longer free to act independently. In simple, the writer should focus on explaining what the specific effect or effects are, how we move from the cause to the effects, specific illustrations of these effects, and how these particular illustrations are representative of others.
In this final part of the essay, the writer just sums up the essay. He or she tells of how our understanding of the larger issue might be changed by the presented analysis. The writer should also appeal to the reader by concluding with how the situation affects them.
- Bully is shouted at by his father
- Bad parenting can turn good kids into bullies, harming the community
As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast food. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.
In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics.