comparative essay format

comparative essay format

Once you know your basis for comparison, think critically about the similarities and differences between the items you are comparing, and compile a list of them.

Although Darwin and Lamarck came to different conclusions about whether acquired traits can be inherited, they shared the key distinction of recognizing that species evolve over time.

  • In text-by-text, you discuss all of A, then all of B.
  • In point-by-point, you alternate points about A with comparable points about B.

Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria’s history in a direction toward independence.

In this part of the comparative essay, you need to remind readers why it was important to compare these two particular alternatives. After pinpointing significant features of each subject in the previous parts of the essay, now you will need to summarize the retrieved results of your comparison. It is a short paragraph, but it needs to give the readers a clear picture of whatever conclusions you came up with.
If you need to write an English comparative essay, but struggle to find appropriate compare and contrast words, check out our quick guide on how to write a comparative essay.

Comparative essay format
Use a mixed paragraphs method. Address both halves of the comparison in each paragraph. This means that the first paragraph will compare the first aspect of each subject, the second will compare the second, and so on, making sure to always address the subjects in the same order. [9] X Research source

  • The advantages of this structure are that it continually keeps the comparison in the mind of the reader and forces you, the writer, to pay equal attention to each side of the argument.
  • This method is especially recommended for lengthy essays or complicated subjects where both the writer and reader can easily become lost. For Example:

Cover one subject at a time thoroughly. This means that the first set of body paragraphs is devoted to addressing every aspect of the first subject and the second set, to addressing every aspect of the second subject, making sure to address each aspect in the same order. [11] X Research source

  • This method is by far the most dangerous, as your comparison can become both one-sided and difficult for the reader to follow.
  • This method is only recommended for short essays with simplistic subjects that the reader can easily remember as (s)he goes along. For example:

Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis.
Both Washington, DC, and London are capital cities of English-speaking countries, and yet they offer vastly different experiences to their residents and visitors. Comparing and contrasting the two cities based on their history, their culture, and their residents show how different and similar the two are.

Refences:

http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/how-write-comparative-analysis
http://buyessayfriend.com/comparative-essay
http://www.wikihow.com/Write-a-Comparative-Essay
http://courses.lumenlearning.com/ivytech-engl111/chapter/comparecontrast-essays/
http://olympus.sandhills.edu/english/wordguide/mlaformat.html

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