open essay format
A few sentences explaining your topic in general terms can lead the reader gently to your thesis. Each sentence should become gradually more specific, until you reach your thesis.
This information must be true and verifiable, and it doesn’t need to be totally new to your readers. It could simply be a pertinent fact that explicitly illustrates the point you wish to make.
If you use a piece of startling information, follow it with a sentence or two of elaboration.
“In March 2006, I found myself, at 38, divorced, no kids, no home, and alone in a tiny rowing boat in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. I hadn’t eaten a hot meal in two months. I’d had no human contact for weeks because my satellite phone had stopped working. All four of my oars were broken, patched up with duct tape and splints. I had tendinitis in my shoulders and saltwater sores on my backside.
What did Zeigler do in her introduction? First, she wrote in a little joke, but it serves a dual purpose. Not only does it set the stage for her slightly more humorous approach to crabbing, but it also clarifies what type of “crabber” she’s writing about. This is important if your subject has more than one meaning.
Note: closed form and open form refer only to the way you structure the essay for the reader, not to the way you go about researching the essay, developing your ideas, and deciding what to say. That process is presumably always the same: you keep an open-mind while gathering your data, focus on a specific area of inquiry, then gradually refine your ideas until you decide on a thesis.
Like essays, paragraphs need not be closed form either. A closed form paragraph begins with the main point of the paragraph; an open form paragraph begins by stating the issue you are examining, by asking a question, or even by beginning with a supporting point or detail and stating the point in the last sentence; a delayed topic sentence paragraph places the topic sentence somewhere after the beginning of the paragraph. The best essays blend open form and closed form. If your overall structure is closed form, some open form or delayed-topic-sentence paragraphs along the way make the essay more involving. If your overall structure is open form, you need to give the reader mostly closed form paragraphs along the way so that they know they are in good hands.
- Academic style
- Vague sentences
- Style consistency
Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on:
So how do you structure academic writing? What is the best essay structure format?
Think of your introduction as a thumbnail picture of the whole essay. Anyone, but especially the marker, should know the essay subject and how you intend to prove or disprove it, just from having read just the introduction.